BUDAYA HUMA BETANG MASYARAKAT DAYAK KALIMANTAN TENGAH DALAM GLOBALISASI: TELAAH KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL

Suwarno Suwarno

Abstract

This paper is an antropological review on Dayak tradition of Huma Betang, a traditional house for Dayak community in Central Kalimantan. Huma betang or betang has a length of 30-150 meters, 10-30 meters wide and 3-5 meter high. The building uses high quality iron wood, can stand up to hundreds of years as well as anti-termite. It used to be inhabited by 100-150 people, inhabited by one big family and headed by a Pambakas Lewu. Studies on people's living in Betang Damang Tumbang Anoi Gunung Mas found several cultural values of Betang Dayak community: (1) hapsari, (2) handep, (3) belom bahadat, and (4) hapakat kulaHapahari is defined as a brotherhood and togetherness in life betang.  Handep is mutual help, pandohop (aid), mutual mandohop (help).  Belom bahadat (live civilized and ethical) is a rule or etiquette that govern life together, that appreciate the prevailing custom in the territories of indigenous communities concerned.  Hapakat kula (mutually agree) is a hallmark of life of the inhabitants betang. Occupants of betang held deliberations in any activities of common interest of tradition betang inhabitants since centuries ago.

Keywords

huma betang, dayak, tradition, occupant

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